11/06/2008

#163 - My Neighborhood X

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Today I took the adventure to go to the south side of the limits of the neighborhood where there are only viaducts and usualy we just pass by car. In the first picture you can see the Águas Livres Aqueduct, but I was a surprise that I could see Tagus Bridge from this poins of the city.

In the two following pictures you can see the neighborhood of Campolide and the Amoreiras Towers.

The Águas Livres Aqueduct (Portuguese: Aqueduto das Águas Livres, pron. IPA: [ɐkɨ'dutu dɐʃ 'agwɐʃ 'livɾɨʃ], "Aqueduct of the Free Waters") is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most remarkable examples of 18th-century Portuguese engineering. The main course of the aqueduct covers 18 km, but the whole network of canals extends through nearly 58 km.
The city of Lisbon has always suffered from the lack of
drinking water, and King John V decided to build an aqueduct to bring water from sources in the parish of Caneças, in the modern municipality of Odivelas. The project was paid for by a special sales tax on beef, olive oil, wine, and other products.
Construction started in 1731 under the direction of
Italian architect Antonio Canevari, replaced in 1732 by a group of Portuguese architects and engineers, including Manuel da Maia, Azevedo Fortes and José da Silva Pais. Between 1733 and 1736, the project was directed by Manuel da Maia, who in turn was replaced by José Custódio Vieira, who would remain at the head of the project until around 1747.
José Custódio Vieira conceived the centerpiece of the aqueduct, the arches over the Alcantara valley, completed in 1744. A total of 35 arches cross the valley, covering 941 m. The tallest arches reach a height of 65 m, and many are pointed, reminiscent of arches in
Gothic style. It is considered a masterpiece of engineering in the Baroque period.
In 1748, although the project was still unfinished, the aqueduct finally started to bring water to the city of Lisbon, a fact celebrated in a commemorative arch built in the Amoreiras neighbourhood. From this period on, construction was overseen by other architects, including Carlos Mardel of
Hungary and others. During the reigns of José I and Maria I, the network of canals and fountains was greatly enlarged.
The Mãe d'Água (Mother of the Water)
reservoir of the Amoreiras, the largest of the water reservoirs, was finished in 1834. This reservoir, with a capacity of 5,500 m³ of water, was designed by Carlos Mardel. It is now deactivated and can be visited as part of the Museu da Água (Water Museum).[*]


9 comments:

George Townboy said...

That first picture is stunning with the bridge showing through the arch! Awesome post - lots of history, and beautiful photos of your neighborhood!

Mr Rogers said...

I was here.

Uma por Dia said...

Thank you Townboy, I was surprised too! I had to run from the cars to get there.

Uma por Dia said...

In Lisbon Mr Rogers?

Leans said...

wow, great pictures, that`s landscapes are so pretty. Well keep up the good work. Salutes

Uma said...

Argentina Bienvenido!
Hola, gracias por el cumplido, voy a tratar de no decepcionar a nadie, intente!

Small City Scenes said...

Beautiful pictures as always. Great info--thanks for sharing with us. MB

evlahos said...

fantastic construction. very interesting info

Uma por Dia said...

Thanks for stoping by evlahos and MB